【乐评】Pink Floyd《Atom Heart Mother》
"Atom Heart Mother" is the fifth studio album of Pink Floyd and was released in 1970 by Harvest and EMI Records in the UK and Harvest and Capitol Records in USA. It was recorded at the Abbey Road Studios in London. This was the first Pink Floyd's album to be specially mixed for the quadraphonic sound as well as the conventional stereo sound. The quadraphonic mix was also released in a compatible format with the stereo record players.
《Atom Heart Mother》是Pink Floyd的第五张录音室专辑，1970年由Harvest and EMI Records与Harvest and Capitol Records分别在英美发行，在伦敦的Abbey Road录音室录制。这是乐队的第一张四声道立体声唱片，类似于双声道，但四声道唱片也可以兼容双声道的播放机。
The art cover of the album was designed by Hipgnosis and it was the first not to feature the band's name on the cover or contain any photographs of the group anywhere. It would be a trend mark for the group. The album's cover is one of the most enigmatic of all in the music history. The most famous bovine of the rock appears on the album's cover. The cow, named Lulubelle III was photographed in a rural farm in the English countryside by Storm Thorgerson, who is an English famous graphic designer known for his works for rock bands like Pink Floyd, 10cc, Dream Theatre, The Mars Volta and The Cranberries. He said that his work was inspired by Andy Warhol's famous "cow-wallpaper". Curiously, the record company paid to the property owner about a thousand pounds for the image rights of the animal. And even more curious, the property became a tourist attraction, and Lulubelle III a celebrity in the show business world.
唱片的封面艺术由Hipgnosis设计，这也是第一张封面上没有乐队名字也没有乐队成员照片的唱片。这也代表着乐队的一种（封面设计）趋势。这张封面是音乐史上最令人费解的封面之一，也是摇滚专辑封面上最知名的一头牛。这头牛叫做Lulubelle三世，由Storm Thorgerson拍摄于一个英国乡下农场里。Storm Thorgerson是英国知名平面设计师，为许多摇滚乐队制作封面，比如Pink Floyd, 10cc, Dream Theatre, The Mars Volta 和 The Cranberries。他说他的灵感来自于Andy Warhol著名的“cow-wallpaper”（奶牛壁纸）。奇妙的是，唱片公司给了这头牛的主人一千英镑作为肖像权的使用费，更奇妙的是，这地方成为了一个旅游景点，Lulubelle三世成为了娱乐世界的明星。
"Atom Heart Mother" has five tracks. We can divide the album into two distinct musical parts. The first and the last tracks are the lengthiest and the collective musical workings of the group, and the third, fourth and fifth tracks are the individual workings by the band's members. "Atom Heart Mother" was the first recording of the band with a full orchestra in collaboration with the avant-garde composer Ron Geesin. The first track is the title track "Atom Heart Mother". It was written by David Gilmour, Roger Waters, Richard Wright, Nick Mason and Ron Geesin and it's the lengthiest track on the album that occupies the entire side A of the vinyl disc. It's a piece of music divided into six parts: "Father's Shout", "Breast Milky", "Mother Fore", "Funky Dung", "Mind Your Throats Please" and "Remergence", and is totally orchestrated. This is, for me, an excellent, very interesting and original instrumental piece of music where the connection of their music with the orchestra is very good. It's probably the lengthiest instrumental track made by them. The second track "If" written by Waters is a simply and beautiful ballad about self analysis. It's a very melodic, pleasant and relaxing song almost all played on acoustic guitar. The third track "Summer'68" written by Wright is about a one night stand and the return to his habitual life. It's also a beautiful song, and is, in my humble opinion, more complex and interesting than "If" is. On the song we have the contrast of the soft piano with the bombastic trumpet. It's the more energetic track on the album which makes practically impossible to listen to the song without singing it. The fourth track "Fat Old Sun" written by Gilmour is a typical Gilmour's song. It's a very peaceful and beautiful ballad that almost makes us fly due to the music and the voice of Gilmour. It's also a very relaxing song that makes us stop doing what we are doing and just do nothing while the song doesn't end. The fifth track "Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast" written by Gilmour, Waters, Wright and Mason is the other lengthiest instrumental piece of music on the album and is divided into three parts: "Rise And Shine", "Sunny Side Up" and "Morning Glory". The track has sound effects and dialogues between each part. The dialogue and the sound effects are made by the then roadie Alan Stiles, a Pink Floyd roadie who appeared on the back cover of "Ummagumma", preparing, discussing and eating his breakfast. Sincerely, this is a very funny piece of music with some good instrumental moments but, as the name suggests, it's very psychedelic and can't be compared to the rest of the album. However, to my taste, it's an excellent instrumental track.
《Atom Heart Mother》有五首歌。我们可以将专辑划分为两个截然不同的音乐篇章。第一首和最后一首是最长的也是乐队集体创作的组品。而第二第三第四和第五首是乐队成员各自创作的。《Atom Heart Mother》是乐队首次与一支完全的管弦乐队合作，与先锋作曲家Ron Geesin合作谱曲。第一首歌是同名曲"Atom Heart Mother"，由David Gilmour, Roger Waters, Richard Wright, Nick Mason 和Ron Geesin创作，是专辑中最长的歌曲，占据了整个黑胶的A面。它被分为六部分："Father's Shout", "Breast Milky", "Mother Fore", "Funky Dung", "Mind Your Throats Please" 和"Remergence"，并且完全是管弦乐式的。这对我来说是很杰出很有趣的音乐，原始的器乐演奏很好的与管弦乐结合。这或许也是他们做过的最长的纯音乐作品。第二首歌"If"是Waters写的，是简单而优美的民谣，关于自我剖析，它非常动听，令人愉悦和放松，大部分由木吉他演奏。第三首歌"Summer'68"是Wright写的，关于在一夜风流后回到日常生活中的故事，它也很优美，在我看来比“if”更加复杂和有趣。歌中我们听到温柔的键盘和夸张的小号各自鸣响。这是专辑中更充满活力的歌曲，它让人听着它的时候几乎不可能不跟着哼起来。第四首歌"Fat Old Sun"由Gilmour创作，是一首典型的Gilmour的歌。是很平和与优美的民谣，让我们伴随音乐和Gilmour的歌声飞翔。也是很令人放松的歌，让我们放下手头的事并在歌曲未结束时沉浸在此。第五首歌"Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast"由Gilmour, Waters, Wright 和Mason创作，是另一首专辑中纯器乐的最长的歌，分为三部分："Rise And Shine", "Sunny Side Up" 和"Morning Glory"。歌曲的各部分还包含声音效果和对话。对话和声音效果是由乐队经理人Alan Stiles弄出来（准备早饭、交谈和吃早饭）的，他曾出现在《"Ummagumma"》的封底。诚恳的说，它有许多有趣的部分和不错的器乐瞬间，但就和歌名说的一样，它非常迷幻，不能和专辑的其他部分比较。但符合我的口味，是很优秀的纯器乐作品。
Conclusion: "Atom Heart Mother" is the best studio album released by Pink Floyd until that date. However, I know this isn't a consensual opinion. Many prefer their debut. Despite the unfavourable opinions about the album of the two band's leaders Waters and Gilmour, I think this is a very important transitional album for the group. We can say that "Atom Heart Mother" is an album with many progressive features and that will be the turning point in the band's music. These clearly musical changes would culminate on their next studio album and first masterpiece "Meddle" released in 1971. "Atom Heart Mother" can be considered a true classic Pink Floyd's album. From its epics and calming tracks, to its memorable and original Thogerson's cover of Lulubelle III, it should be recognized as a great album, by any Pink Floyd fan and critic. However, as a transitional album, like "A Saucerfull Of Secrets" was, I wouldn't recommend it, to anyone looking to be introduced to the Pink Floyd's music. "The Dark Side Of The Moon" or "Wish You Were Here" are the right places to start, but "Atom Heart Mother" remains, definitely, a must for all Pink Floyd's musical collections.
结论：《Atom Heart Mother》是那时为止Pink Floyd最佳的录音室专辑。不过我知道这不是普遍的观点。许多人更喜欢他们的首专。尽管乐队的两个领袖Waters和Gilmour对专辑有否定的看法，但我认为这对乐队来说是很重要的转型作品。我们可以说《Atom Heart Mother》有许多渐进的特征，它会成为乐队音乐的转折点。这些清晰的音乐转变会在他们的下一张录音室专辑（也是第一张杰作）1971年发行的《Meddle》中达到顶点。《Atom Heart Mother》可以被人为是一张真正的Pink Floyd经典专辑。基于它的史诗性和安宁的歌曲、值得纪念的Thogerson的Lulubelle三世封面，它应该被任何Pink Floyd粉丝与评论家认为是一张伟大的专辑。如果我要介绍Pink Floyd的音乐的话我是不会推荐《A Saucerfull Of Secrets》的。《The Dark Side Of The Moon》或《Wish You Were Here》是不错的开端，但《Atom Heart Mother》作为一张过渡期的专辑仍然肯定是必须进入所有Pink Floyd的音乐收藏中的。