【乐评】《Close To The Edge》
This is my second review of a Yes album. The first was "Tales From Topographic Oceans". I bought my vinyl copy in the year of 1976, and so, this LP became as one of the first albums to make part of my vinyl collection. In spite of being a modest collection, it has some great progressive gems of the 70's.
这是我对Yes专辑的第二次评论。第一次是《Tales From Topographic Oceans》。我在1976年买了此专的黑胶，所以这张黑胶成了我黑胶收藏的最先的几张之一。尽管我的收藏海纳百川，但也有一些70年代的伟大的前摇宝石在内。
Yes, is an English symphonic progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by Jon Anderson (vocals), Chris Squire (bass), Peter Banks (guitar), Tony Kaye (keyboards) and Bill Bruford (drums). Yes, was one of the most important bands to emerge in the 70's, together with Genesis and Pink Floyd. These three bands are, for me, the bands that most contributed to the rise of the movement of the progressive rock music. They are probably the three bands that more progressive groups have influenced, until today. Although, many line up changes, occasional splits within the band and the ever changing trends in their music, the group have continued always on, for more than forty years until today, still keeping a large following number of fans, and still being a symbol in the progressive rock movement.
Yes是一个英国交响前摇乐队，1968年由Jon Anderson（主唱）在伦敦组建，成员还有Chris Squire (贝斯), Peter Banks (吉他), Tony Kaye (键盘)和Bill Bruford (鼓)。Yes是70年代浮现的最重要的乐队，再加上Genesis和Pink Floyd。对我来说，这三支乐队是对前摇运动的崛起贡献最多的。他们时至今日也影响了更多的前摇组合。尽管，队伍屡次变化、偶尔内部分裂、甚至他们的音乐趋势也在不断变化，但他们继续上路，直到今日坚持了四十多年。他们依然拥有大量的粉丝，始终是前摇运动的符号和象征。
"Close To The Edge" is their fifth studio album and was released in 1972. It's in generally regarded as their best musical work and one of the best progressive albums ever made. It reached number 4 in the UK and number 3 in USA, during a chart stay of thirty two weeks. In Netherlands it reached number 1 on the Dutch Album charts. The album is listed in the book "1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die". On Progarchives, it always rivals to be the number 1 with "Selling England By The Pound" of Genesis, "Thick As A Brick" of Jethro Tull and "Wish You Were Here" of Pink Floyd. All these albums were already been reviewed by me on Progarchives. So, what more can we ask for an album?
《Close To The Edge》是他们第五张录音室专辑，1972年发行。普遍被视为他们最好的音乐作品和制作过的最好的前卫摇滚专辑。它在英国排行榜上达到第四位，在美国排行榜上达到第三位，并且停留了三十二周。在荷兰则达到了排行榜第一位。专辑也位列《1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die》这本书的推荐之内。而在PA网站上，它也经常是Genesis的《Selling England By The Pound》、Jethro Tull的《Thick As A Brick》和Pink Floyd《Wish You Were Here》的竞争对手。我已经在网站上点评了这些专辑。所以，我还能对这样一张专辑要求什么呢？
The line up on "Close To The Edge" is Jon Anderson (vocals), Steve Howe (vocals and guitars), Rick Wakeman (keyboards), Chris Squire (vocals and bass) and Bill Bruford (drums and percussion). I confess that this is my favourite line up of the group. I'm a great fan of Wakeman and Bruford. Rick has a truly unmistakable sound on his keyboards and Bill, simply is, in my humble opinion, one of the best drummers ever.
《Close To The Edge》的制作成员是：Jon Anderson (主唱), Steve Howe (人声，吉他), Rick Wakeman (键盘), Chris Squire (人声，贝斯) and Bill Bruford (鼓，打击乐)。我承认这是我最爱的这个乐队的成员组合。我是Wakeman和Bruford的大粉丝。Rick的键盘毫无问题，而Bill在我看来，简单的说是至今以来最好的鼓手。
The art cover of the album was made by Roger Dean. He is the most famous artists of album covers in the world. He also made covers for many other artists. Some of the photography work on the album was influenced by Squire.
"Close To The Edge" has three tracks. The first track "Close To The Edge" written by Anderson and Howe, is the title track and is divided into four parts: "The Solid Time Of Change", "Total Mass Retain", "I Get Up, I Get Down" and "Seasons Of Man". It's the lengthiest track on the album and is, for me, the best ever song of the band with "Gates Of Delirium", which was released on their seventh studio album "Relayer". It's a truly massive 18 minutes epic track of unbelievable musical proportions. It starts rather quietly with nature, which eventually carries into the bombastic of the rest of the song, and bringing to the song in the end, the nature heard at the beginning of it. The second track "And You And I" written by Anderson, Howe, Squire and Bruford" is also divided into four parts: "Cord Of Life", "Eclipse", "The Preacher, The Teacher" and "The Apocalypse". It's a more melodious track with less musical variations, and is probably, the most commercial song on the album. It's shorter but still has 10 minutes. This is a quite different piece of music and serves an excellent position as a middle piece, relying less in virtuosity and more on musical atmosphere. The third track "Siberian Khatru" written by Anderson, Howe and Wakeman is the most powerful and dynamic song on the album and became as a great song to opening any live show of the group. It was featured as the concert opener on the 1991 Union tour. It opens with a strong guitar riff by Howe, and then, it enters what is probably the most rocky part of the album with a strong and dominant drumming by Bruford and a great bass work by Squire. Wakeman's keyboards are more on the background, adding to the sound and rather dominating it. It's a great closing to the album.
《Close To The Edge》有三首歌。第一首"Close To The Edge"由Anderson和Howe创作，是同名主题曲，分为四个部分："The Solid Time Of Change", "Total Mass Retain", "I Get Up, I Get Down" 和 "Seasons Of Man"。是专辑最长的歌，对我来说，和"Gates Of Delirium"（第七张专辑《Relayer》中的歌）一起也是乐队最好的歌。它是18分钟的丰富的音乐史诗，有着难以置信的音乐的组成。它以寂静的自然声开端，最终进入歌曲其“夸夸其谈”的部分，并且在歌曲的结尾处也是自然声收束。第二首歌"And You And I"由Anderson, Howe, Squire和Bruford创作，也分为四部分："Cord Of Life", "Eclipse", "The Preacher, The Teacher" 和 "The Apocalypse"。这首歌更为优美，有更少的音乐的变化，并且也许是专辑中最商业化的歌。它虽然较短但依然有十分钟。这是专辑中比较不同的意义，是作为一个伟大的中间的歌曲存在，不是依托精湛的技艺而是依托更多的营造出的音乐氛围。第三首歌"Siberian Khatru"由Anderson, Howe和Wakeman创作，是专辑中最具力量感和动态的歌曲，成为乐队任何一场现场的伟大开场曲。它在1991年《Union》巡演时作为富有特色的开场。它由Howe强烈的吉他重复段开始，然后由Bruford强劲的主导的鼓声进入也许是专辑中最摇滚的部分，以及伴随着Squire伟大的贝斯。Wakeman的键盘更多的在背景中，加入声音中而形成更主要的控制。这是专辑伟大的收尾。
Conclusion: "Close To The Edge" is, in my humble opinion, not only the best studio album of the band but also represents a giant step from their previous studio releases. "Close To The Edge" starts their golden musical age, followed by "Tales From Topographic Oceans", "Relayer" and ending with "Going For The One". However, this is not only Yes hitting their musical peak, but it's also one of the best examples of how a truly inspired progressive musical work can be. Like all the genuine classics, it's an album that gets a little better each time we listen to it. That makes us realize why it deserves its reputation as one of the cornerstones of the progressive rock music. With this album, Yes has created a masterpiece that was very appreciated in its time, and still stands today. It can probably be the band's finest musical moment and is surely one of the finest progressive musical moments ever created.
结论：《Close To The Edge》在我看来不仅是乐队最佳的录音室专辑也代表了他们早期录音室作品中向前的巨大一步。《Close To The Edge》开启了他们的音乐黄金年代，紧跟其后的是《Tales From Topographic Oceans》, 《Relayer》 和作为黄金年代结束的《Going For The One》。不过，这不仅代表Yes进入了他们的音乐巅峰，也是一个真正的受前卫音乐启发的作品所能达到的高度的最好的实例。就像所有真正的经典，我每一次聆听它就会发现它更多的优点。这让我们认识到为什么它有着前卫摇滚基石的名誉。随着这张专辑，Yes在那个时代创造了一张广受赞誉的杰作，并且受赞至今。这或许是乐队最出色的音乐瞬间，并且肯定也是前卫摇滚所创作过的最出色的音乐时刻。