【乐评】King Crimson《In The Court Of The Crimson King》
In 1967, guitarist Robert Fripp, drummer Michael Giles and his bass player brother Peter Giles, joined together and formed the band Giles, Giles & Fripp. They can be considered as the genesis of King Crimson, founded two years later, in 1969. King Crimson is considered the foundational progressive rock band in the history of progressive rock music.
1967年，吉他手Robert Fripp、鼓手Michael Giles和他的兄弟贝斯手Peter Giles一起组建了名为Giles, Giles & Fripp的乐队。他们可以算作是King Crimson的创始人了，组建两年之后，在1969年，King Crimson被认为是前卫摇滚音乐史中最基础的前摇乐队。
"In The Court Of The Crimson King" is the debut studio album by King Crimson and was released in 1969. It reached third place on the British charts and was certified gold in the United States. The album is a mix of symphonic and jazz elements. It has long been considered the first progressive album of ever, and is also one of the most beloved and legendary albums that still stands the test of time, even than more of forty years have passed after its release.
《In The Court Of The Crimson King》是King Crimson的同名首专，在1969年发行。它来到了英国排行榜的第三位，在美国则是被认证的金唱片。专辑是交响乐和爵士元素的混合物。它曾被长久地认为是前卫摇滚的第一张专辑，也是在经过时间考验后的最受人喜爱和最富传奇色彩的专辑，即便自它发行后已经过了四十多年的时间。
The line up on the album is Robert Fripp (guitars), Greg Lake (lead vocals and bass guitar), Ian McDonald (baking vocals, woodwinds (saxophone, flute, clarinet and bass clarinet), keyboards (mellotron, harpsichord, piano and organ) and vibraphone, Michael Giles (backing vocals, drums and percussion) and Peter Sinfield (lyrics and illumination).
专辑的创作成员是：Robert Fripp (吉他), Greg Lake (主唱，贝斯), Ian McDonald (合声，木管乐器，萨克斯, 长笛, 单簧管，竖笛，键盘，电子琴，大键琴，钢琴，管风琴，颤音琴），Michael Giles (合声，鼓，打击乐) and Peter Sinfield (歌词，灵感启迪者)。
After the album, both, McDonald and Michael Giles left King Crimson for to pursue their solo musical careers. They also recorded an album together, in 1970, before dissolving their partnership. McDonald later became one of the founder members of the American New Yorker rock band, Foreigner, in 1976.
"In The Court Of The Crimson King" has five tracks. The first track "21st Century Schizoid Man" written by Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles and Sinfield is the heaviest song on the album and is very close to the hard rock style. Lyrically, it consists of a short metaphoric poem that makes references to the Vietnam War. Musically, it's a notable track with great musical improvisation and great jazz influence. The song is also accompanied by a Lake's notable distorted vocals. It must have been quite a shock for the listeners in those days, because it was unlike any of the music they had heard before. This was the track that became so important and influent to the future birth of the progressive metal style. The second track "I Talk To The Wind" written by McDonald and Sinfield is the most melodic song on the album and makes a complete musical contrast with the previous one. It's a serene, simple and peaceful song commanded by McDonald's flute, very well accompanied by Sinfield's lyrics and sung beautifully by Lake, in a very quiet mood. The third track "Epitaph" written by Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles and Sinfield is a notable and beautiful track, which would become one of the best and most beautiful symbols of progressive music. It's one of my favourite progressive songs, and the band also used its name as a live album's title. The fourth track "Moonchild" written by Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles and Sinfield is the lengthiest song on the album. It starts as a peaceful ballad, but after a few minutes, it changes completely to a free instrumental improvisation by the entire group, which lasts until the end of the song. It's probably the most progressive song on the album and it's also one the most difficult to listen to. This is a very experimental track. The fifth track is the title track "In The Court Of The Crimson King". It was written by McDonald and Sinfield and is the second lengthiest track on the album. It became, with "Epitaph", one of the best and most beautiful symbols of progressive rock. It represents a really hymn to the symphonic progressive music.
《In The Court Of The Crimson King》有五首歌。第一首歌"21st Century Schizoid Man"是由Fripp，McDonald，Lake，Giles和Sinfield写的，是专辑中最重型的歌，非常接近硬摇滚的风格。歌词上来说，它由稍短的隐喻式的诗歌组成，来源是越南战争。音乐上来说，它的重要性在于伟大的音乐即兴表演和伟大的爵士影响。歌曲还伴随着Lake的显著的扭曲的嗓音。在当时必然对听者造成了很大的震撼，因为它不像他们当时听到的所有音乐。这首歌变得如此重要，影响了未来前卫金属的诞生。第二首歌"I Talk To The Wind"由McDonald和Sinfield所写，是专辑中旋律最优美的歌，和前一首形成了完全的音乐上的比照。它是安静、简单、平和的歌曲，由McDonald的长笛掌控，非常好地伴随Sinfield的歌词以及Lake的美妙演唱，表达了非常宁静的心情。第三首歌"Epitaph"由Fripp，McDonald，Lake，Giles和Sinfield创作，是重要而美丽的歌曲，它成为了前卫音乐中最好的和最美丽的象征符号。这是我最爱的前摇歌曲之一，乐队也用之当做了一张现场专辑的名字。第四首歌"Moonchild"由Fripp, McDonald, Lake, Giles和Sinfield创作，是专辑中最长的歌。它也许是专辑中最前卫的歌曲，也是最难以聆听的。这是非常实验的歌曲。第五首歌是主题曲"In The Court Of The Crimson King"。它由McDonald和Sinfield创作，是专辑中第二长的。它和"Epitaph"一起成为了前卫摇滚中最好的和最美丽的象征符号。它代表着对交响前卫摇滚的真正的圣歌。
The art cover of the album was painted by Barry Godber, an artist and computer programmer. Unfortunately, it would become his only album cover. He died in February 1970 of a heart attack, shortly after the album's release.
Conclusion: "In The Court Of The Crimson King" is one of the most important and influential albums in the progressive music, contributing to the development of the psychedelic rock, symphonic rock and heavy metal. The album combines an exceptional musical quality with really great poetic lyrics. I want to say three more things about this masterpiece work. In the first place, I want to detach the beautiful and massive use of the mellotron orchestrations on the album, especially on two of their tracks, "Epitaph" and "In The Court Of The Crimson King". In the second place, we have the quality and the originality of Sinfield's visionary lyrics. He also contributed with some other future musical works of the group. Finally, the clear, beautiful and distinctive Lake's voice, which is, in my humble opinion, one of the best, most striking and unmistakable voices in progressive music. "In The Court Of The Crimson King" was universally very well received by critics and public, and it has also the respected compliments of Peter Townshend. The Who's guitarist, called the album "an uncanny masterpiece". Concluding, I must confess, that "In The Court Of The Crimson King" and "Red" are, for me, the two best studio musical albums from the group, and they are also two of the best and most important progressive albums ever made.
结论：《In The Court Of The Crimson King》是前摇音乐里最重要和最具影响力的专辑，对迷幻摇滚、交响摇滚和重金属的发展贡献都很多。专辑结合了卓越的音乐质量和真正伟大的史诗般的歌词。我想对这一杰作说三点。第一，我想特别提及在他们的歌曲"Epitaph"和"In The Court Of The Crimson King"中的优美的和大量使用的合成器管弦乐。第二，我看到了Sinfield他杰出的、独创的、充满幻想的歌词，他也在乐队以后的不少音乐作品中有过贡献。最后，清澈、美丽和与众不同的Lake的嗓音，在我看来是前卫音乐中最好的、最引人注目的和最准确无误的嗓音。《In The Court Of The Crimson King》在评论家和公众中都得到了普遍的赞誉，它也受到了Peter Townshend的赞美。他是The Who的吉他手，他称专辑为“一个不可思议的杰作”。结论是，我必须承认，《In The Court Of The Crimson King》和《Red》对我来说是这个乐队最佳的两张录音室专辑，也是他们做过的最佳和最重要的前摇专辑。